Starting up your own small business is a very exciting time. You’ve found something that you’re passionate about and you can’t wait to share it with the rest of the world.
But you might not expect that a big part of starting your small business is choosing a bank.
While it might seem like a simple task, making this choice involves a lot more than simply going to your nearest branch and opening up a checking account. There are a number of different factors you need to consider, particularly what services your potential bank offers. On top of that, small business owners are often presented with the challenge of obtaining financing with certain banks.
Having a small business bank account with the right bank is essential. Not only does it keep your business finances separate from your personal finances (allowing you to keep track of where you stand with each), it helps your business to run more smoothly.
But with so many different types of banks out there, how do you know which one to choose? Here is a guide to help you choose the best bank for your small business.
How to Choose a Bank for Your Small Business
In an ideal world, you would be able to easily find a bank that provides you with all of the features you need to run your business perfectly. You could have a small business checking account with no minimum balances, no monthly fees, and unlimited transactions. That same bank would offer great low interest loans, a small business credit card with all kinds of rewards, and a whole bunch of other essential services that you need. In the real world, however, you often need to make concessions. Many banks have fees associated with their small business checking accounts and there are transaction limits. Different banks offer different types of loans to different types of businesses. The rewards associated with many types of small business credit cards may not be exactly what you’re looking for. And not all small businesses offer the different types of services that your small business needs. When choosing the best bank for your small business, there are several factors that you will first need to consider.
When you look at a bank, take a closer look at their checking options. While a bank may seem to have numerous options for small businesses, the options that make the most sense for your needs may be limited to only one or two. You should also take a close look at the fees and minimum balance requirements. For instance, there may be fees for replacing a debit card, overdrawing your account, withdrawing money from an ATM that is not associated with your bank, and so on.
Transactions and Deposits Limits
Businesses have many more transactions than regular customers. It also costs banks money for every transaction. Because of this, most banks will have limits on the number of transactions you can make. This can include anything from deposits in person, ATM deposits, electronic transfers, cash deposits, and more. Once you hit your limit, fees may be applied for additional transactions (although not necessarily on all types of transactions). You will need to look at the number of transactions you make during a given statement period and if you expect those transactions to increase over time.
Small Business Loans
Small businesses sometimes require loans, whether it’s for new equipment, more working capital to increase products and services, to open a new location, or something else. There are a multitude of different types of loans to help you meet your specific needs, including lines of credit, term loans, invoice financing, small business administration loans, and more. While having a bank that offers numerous loans gives you more options, it’s more important that the bank offer the types of loans you need. It is often even better if you are able to get the loans you need from the bank you already have a small business checking account with, as you are likely to pay less in interest.
Small Business Credit Cards
Many small businesses need a credit card. Rather than using your personal credit card, it is important to have a specific card designed for small businesses. Some banks will offer 0% APR for a certain amount of time as an introductory offer while others will provide rewards after charging a certain amount (such as cash back). Much like with a loan, having your small business credit card through the same bank where you have your small business checking account can often lead to less fees.
Different types of banks may offer a variety of different services. If you take credit and debit cards (as most small businesses do these days), merchant services are necessary. You need to be able to process cards in person and online, and services are needed to move the funds from your customer’s account to your small business account. Typically, banks that offer small business checking accounts will also offer these types of services, and having merchant services at the same bank as your checking account can mean lower checking account fees.
If you have employees, payroll is necessary. While you can take care of it yourself (or use a third-party provider), some banks will offer payroll services. These services include such things as calculating withholdings, filing tax forms, and issuing checks. If you don’t want to handle payroll yourself, you may want to look into comparing the cost of these services through your bank to the cost of using an outside provider.
There are even some banks that offer other services, such as HSAs, tax services, and/or business insurance. If these services are important to you, you will need to see if the bank you want to have your business checking out at offers them. If so, you will need to determine if they are worth the cost of convenience.
Of course, your personal preferences matter, too. Big banks are often more convenient and have more advanced technology (including 24/7 mobile banking, online banking, and remote check deposit). They also tend to have more ATMs and branches available, meaning that you can deposit, withdraw, or speak to a representative more easily. However, larger banks tend to have higher fees, and you rarely ever deal with the same person. On the other hand, smaller banks are all about the personal touch. They prefer to work on a more intimate level, and desire to build an actual relationship with their clients. Fees and balance requirements also tend to be smaller with small banks. What’s more is that small banks tend to support local small businesses and tend to have greater flexibility when it comes to loans. Your personal preferences should be an important factor in the size of the bank you choose.
How to Find a Business Bank Account for Bad Credit
Opening a business bank account (just like applying for a loan) will require a credit check. If your credit isn’t all that great, it can make opening an account and applying for business loans more challenging. It can also limit other services that the bank may offer as well. You may not qualify for overdraft protection and your fees may be higher. Having poor credit doesn’t mean opening a business bank account is impossible though. Just because your credit is less than perfect, that doesn’t mean you’re out of luck. It just means you may have to do a little more shopping around.
Your personal credit matters when it comes to opening up a business bank account. If you have credit issues, it may be in your best interest to avoid setting your business as a sole proprietorship. Doing so means that your business bank account is then linked to your personal financial status. In the event that you have any judgements and/or liens against you, your business bank account can then be seized. Instead, it is recommended that you form a separate legal entity, such as an LLC or corporation. You will then need to get a tax identification number, which will help to identify your small business as an entirely separate tax paying entity from yourself. You can then use your new business entity to open up your business bank account. Once you have the account, you can then use it to begin building your business credit. Even in the event that you have great credit, creating a separate entity is recommended to avoid business related credit inquiries from injuring your personal score.
Open a secured business account. This type of account is opened with a deposit. Once you have been in good standing (usually for at least one full year), the bank can then convert your secured account into a regular business account. With a secured account, you are usually still able to set up merchant services should you require them. The major disadvantage, however, is that secured accounts often have higher fees associated with them.
You may also consider a second chance, or checkless, account. These accounts give you a “second shot” at traditional banking, and are available for individuals as well as businesses. You are provided with a debit card, but you are unable to write checks. A second chance account also may not convert to a standard business account or offer merchant services, so it is important that you read and understand the terms and conditions before using this option.
Try using a credit union instead of a larger bank. Large banks are more likely to require hold deposits or have higher fees, especially if you are a new customer and your credit is not great (if they approve the business account to begin with). Local credit unions offer more personalized service and can provide your business with the individualized attention that it needs, which is especially critical in the early stages of your small business.
What You Need to Open a Business Bank Account
You’re finally ready to open your business bank account. But before you head to your chosen bank (or hop on the computer), you are going to need a few things to get you through the process:
Personal identification: Just like opening a regular individual checking account, you will need to present personal identification. This is frequently done in the form a driver’s license and a social security card. Anyone associated with the business (authorized signers, those who own 10% or more of the business) will also need to present their personal identification. Professional licenses that you need for your business should be brought as well. Also, if you do business under a name other than your own (or you are incorporated under one name but operate under another), you will need documentation of your “Doing Business As” name.
Employment Identification Number (EIN): An EIN, or tax identification number, can help to separate your business bank account from your personal finances. Depending upon how your business is set up, you may also require a name registration. If you are set up as a sole proprietorship, and your bank does not require an EIN, it is still a good idea to have one, as it can reduce your risk for identity theft.
Articles of incorporation: Your articles of incorporation is the documentation used to form and register your small business. If your business has more than one owner, you will also require a resolution from the other owners that gives you the ability to handle the finances and open the account.
Your expected cash-flow: Any and all financial data you can provide to your bank will be helpful, including projected cash-flow and even your credit needs. If you can, outline low, moderate, and high expected bank balances.
Once you have all of your necessary documentation, it’s time to open up your business bank account. Your final choice is between heading to the branch to open the account in person or to do it online. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages. Opening the account in person at the branch gives you the opportunity to learn more about the products available to you. Additionally, you have the peace of mind that the account was opened securely. However, it does require you to take the time out of your schedule to go. Opening the account online can save you valuable time. The downside is that your banking activities may be limited, and not all banks allow for opening an account online. Ultimately, the choice is up to you. While it might be tempting to just head to the closest bank and open up an account with them, choosing a bank for your small business involves a bit more work than that.
Choosing the best bank for you requires that you have a thorough understanding of what your business needs are and what the bank can offer you. Depending on your specific needs, finding the best banking services may require that you have more than one bank. While it certainly is easier to have all of your banking needs taken care of by the same provider, it can be difficult to find one bank that can provide you with the best of every service. You will have to determine what services are most important to you and what will ultimately save you the most money. In doing so, you will be able to help your small business succeed and grow.
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